Sometimes we don't realize how great things around us are. While I have the opportunity to see these beautiful towers, I'm very happy to share with you :)
The art of photography is very profound and unique to express one's feelings through photos and stop motion figures. If you will notice many artists are on to high fashion photography these days to create and express their selves in unique and creative ways. If you are going to pursue a career in photography make sure that you understand its principles as a photographer. Photography is not an easy thing to do; you have to be resourceful as well as creative to be successful in this career. Here are some guidelines to become a good and successful photographer.
* A great photographer is always eager to upgrade his/her camera for the sake of taking a good shot to a subject.
* Remember that photographers are very patient and have good moral values to the subject he/she will be taking a shot.
* The lens of a camera is like bringing the artificial world to reality. The lens is the most sensitive part of the camera; you must take care of it.
* A good photographer multi tasks; he/she can do anything under the sun and always ready to take a shot in any situation.
* Usually, successful photographers eventually become photographer for models because it is a good training ground to step into a higher career.
* Then after that, they step into a more complicated career in photography, usually as a fashion photographer. It is usually the highest paid career in the field of photography because it deals with art and fashion.
* Photographers are always adventurous and are not afraid to break an ideology to surpass the old tradition of photography.
* Taking care of the camera is very important. Daily cleaning of the lens and the body is a must. Be very cautious to avoid unwanted incidents like blur lens and dirty film ribbons.
* When taking a shot, make sure that it is an excellent shot. A great photo is always appreciated by viewers.
* A great photographer always tells the truth through his art. There are photographers that always see the world differently and they make sure that reality exists in their work.
Being a web designer, I also love taking pictures which helps me in my design. My father who is a photographer in Los Angeles is one of the reasons why I love this hobby. Together with him and my mother, we always spend weekends going to tourist spots and taking pictures. I would be a photographer someday, just like my father. I want to work in Los Angeles, California, wherein offering a state of the art in photography that includes fashion photography which displays clothing and other fashionable items.
One of the most popular and beloved types of photography is landscape photography. This is mainly due to the fact that many people love both nature and photography, a combination of the two being the perfect blend for a hobby or a profession. There many reasons why people love taking photographs of beautiful and idyllic landscapes, the main ones being the need to remember some places that just impress you and the desire to show others these beautiful places. There are surely amateur and professional landscape photographers, the main differences being in the reasons to take photographs and the equipment they use. All these being said, here are a few tips and advice you could find useful if you are thinking about taking up this wonderful hobby or profession.
First of all, in terms of subjects, they are practically everywhere, in every country and region, there are countless opportunities to photograph different beautiful landscapes. The only thing one needs to do is find these places and discover the best way to photograph them. There are basic rules of photography that apply to every domain and there are some guidelines for landscape photography, but in the end, it all comes down to the talent of the photographer and a perfect combination of place and time, where everything looks great. Landscapes are everywhere and anyone can point the camera at a beautiful place they see, but is takes a good photographer to put that landscape in a perfect image.
Secondly, in terms of technique, we all know that photography is the art to paint with light, and this is extremely true for landscape photographers. Understanding the importance of light and the quality of light is crucial for this domain, mainly because in almost 99 percent of the cases, landscapes are photographed under natural light. There are certain moments in a day when the photos will look better and professional photographers know how to handle all lighting conditions. Another important thing to remember is to always look at the sky. The better dynamic-looking skies you see in particular place and moment, the better the photographed landscape will look.
Thirdly, in terms of equipment, there is some advice you might consider before getting into landscape photography. Usually, you will need full-frame digital SLR cameras, as these do not have a crop factor and you can take the whole picture every time. Also, for the best landscape photographs, you will need wide and ultra wide lenses. This is extremely important in order to get the desired results. A good zoom lens is also good when you want to get in closer to a particular part of a landscape. Do not overlook the importance of photography accessories in these situations, as a tripod, some filters, lots of storage space and extra batteries will surely come in handy when you are photographing.
Lastly, you need to remember that landscape photography is a very rewarding field of photography and whether you do it just as a passion, or as a regular profession, there are many moments when you just feel amazed and overwhelmed in front of a beautiful landscape. Then, when you manage to take the perfect photograph of that landscape, the feeling is just priceless.
Although you may have never thought about it, digital photography has had an incredible impact on all of our personal lives. Shooting, protecting and sharing our special memories has never been easier than with digital photography. However, the benefits of digital photos doesn't end with great vacation photos. Digital technology has helped to improve far more than our ability to share and store photographs, and for many modern industries it is hard to remember a time before it existed.
Here are five industries revolutionized by digital photography and its technology:
The medical industry has profited greatly from the development of digital photos. Thanks to the ease of transferring digital images, patient data can now be stored with relevant photographs and sent to any hospital in the world. No film means instant results for things such as X-rays or reference photographs, and photos can now be stored on a hard drive instead of taking up valuable space in a storage room. Many endoscopic procedures available today would not be possible without the technology of digital.
During the last ten years, the internet has become a new way to socialize. The internet was once considered a hangout for nerds but now has become one of the most important communication tools in the world. A large element of this communication is the uploading, sharing, and downloading of photographs. In Facebook alone there are over 10 billion pictures and growing none of which would be possible without digital cameras. Whether it's sharing pictures of a wedding or taking photos during a crisis, digital photography has completely changed how people share their story.
Space exploration is thought to be one of humanity's most significant achievements. Cutting-edge technology has enabled scientists to view things in space that had never been seen before, and the digital cameras mounted on the Mars Exploration Rovers have helped to shed light on a planet once shrouded in mystery. Without the ability to process images as data and transmit them across space, our view of outer space would still be very limited.
The Field of Sports
Digital photography has completely changed how we capture sporting events and in order to fully appreciate it's impact it requires a more thorough look. With digital photography it doesn't have the limitation like 35mm cameras as there is no difference between taking a hundred pictures or taking one. Now sports journalists can take thousands of images at an event and can increase their chances of getting the "one in a million" shot without risking the high cost of taking hundreds of shots using film.
At nearly every level of education, digital photography has helped to make learning more interactive, more rewarding, and more accessible. The low cost of digital makes it a great choice for student projects, and the abundance of digital photos and editing tools have provided countless students with resources for presentations and research. Digital video, which relies on many of the same technologies as digital photos, has improved our ability to take courses from home and has helped to erase national borders by allowing students to interact with people across the globe in real-time.
It's easy to take things for granted- like digital photography- that we use every day and have come to expect. But when you take a look back on all of the things that digital cameras have made possible, it's hard to image our lives without them. Everything from advanced medical procedures to better study of the galaxy, digital has opened up many doors that wouldn't have otherwise been discovered.
So here are few tips which would help to enhance winter photography.
Silhouette in Snow
Snow can give a blank canvass on which the silhouettes and many other forms could be considered in a outstanding manner. This outcome is best when there is large area of smooth terrain, broken by few dark figures. The dramatic lone shapes and minimalist compositions rule here. These images are best in black and white, which emphasizes on high contrast.
If you live at the place where it doesn't snow, then it doesn't signify that you don't have any chance to take winter photos. Wherever it is gray, one can easily create an image which demonstrates the melancholy of winter atmosphere. Black & white style is a good thought, though the delicate colorations might also create the beautiful photograph.
They are the best feature of winters. Icicles are the aspect that is quite spectacular to photography. Sometimes they are difficult to focus on digital camera so a manual one would be a good option.
The grays and cool blues of winter give themselves to amazing tones in the water. Get up in the morning and find out a lake, a river.
There are many different sports that are played in winters. It would require sports photography as you would be photographing the fast movements. Photographing of playing children would require same skills as in winter sports photography. It requires a good sense of timing, a fast shutter speed and some patience.
Observe all the possible ways by which winters can affect the human life. You can use plenty of colors; you can highlight the colors against black and white background.
To click snowfall images, one needs a dark background so that the snowflakes could be seen
Snow and ice crystals build splendid macros, single snow crystals either fallen on snow or any other surface, would be beautiful to capture. One need to be proficient enough in macro skills and one also needs macro lens.
Animals which are more active in winters are not easily seen. One needs wildlife photography techniques to capture it. Observe patiently for all these signs and click them as fast as you can, as it requires a good speed.
Clicking picture of all the silent places, meadows, forests, mountains can reflect the silent scenes. So here black and white images would reflect things well here. And also the use of colors for highlighting green would be effective.
Taking photos is a way for you to allow the world to see through your eyes. The successful photographer is not only a person with a camera, but an artist as well. Photo opportunities are happening around you all the time. Being able to see them is the artistic ability you can use to become a professional photographer.
The photos you take should be unique and spontaneous. Keeping a camera with you all the time is a great way to never miss a shot. Keep in mind you do not have to spend a small fortune on camera equipment for taking along with you. A simple-to-use digital model will work just as well.
With today's technology backing you, taking bad shots can be minimized greatly. Cropping or other fine tuning is possible to add or take away any part of an image. However, be careful never to depend on computer software for making good shots. This is a talent you can maintain without the need for adjustments if you take the time to practice your art.
Take shots from weird places and see what you come up with. Taking a photo hanging upside down or lying close to the ground can make an amazing transformation in imaging results. Photography is an art form that is solely guided by the way you perceive the world around you.
Make a box for the photos you feel are not the best quality. You never know when on of these can come in handy for props or ideas in other images. You may have a client that wants an usual photo shot or one that is blurry. Many advertisements have odd imaging for making the biggest impact on consumers. These are the images best for computer software programs to turn around.
Get to know your equipment for being able to use all the functions you have available. Some digital cameras have amazing features that you can use to enhance your art. Always remember to learn about the proper maintenance required for your photographic equipment as well. Being able to always depend on your camera is important.
Making your mark in the world of photographic art has great rewards. Making your living by taking photos and images is awesome if you have talent for snapping unusual and entertaining shots. Learn more by talking to photography professionals about how they got their start in this career.
Digital photography has democratized the medium. More people are taking more photos than ever before, and they're sharing them online with friends and family in record numbers. It's easy to place the blame on the camera if your images aren't as nice as some others you see online, but by following a few guidelines you can improve the quality of your photos—without having to shell out big bucks for a new camera. Keep these 10 easy tips in mind next time you head out to capture the world around you. And if you have any tips that have helped you take better pictures, please share them in the comments section.
1. Get Basic Composition Down. The heart of a photograph is its composition—the position of different elements in a frame. The easiest rule of thumb to learn and remember is the Rule of Thirds. Basically, you'll want to break your frame into nine squares of roughly equal size. Try and align the subject of your photo along these lines and intersections and imagine the main image divided over these nine boxes. This gives you a more dramatic, visually interesting shot than one where you subject is located dead center. Many newer cameras have a rule of thirds grid overlay that you can activate when shooting.
2. Adjust Exposure Compensation. As long as you aren't shooting in full manual mode, your digital camera is making decisions that determine the exposure of a photo—in English, how light or dark the shot appears. Generally speaking, a camera looks at a scene and tries to determine the appropriate exposure based on the correct lighting of an 18-percent gray card, which is why there are special scene modes for snow—without them, the camera would try to make the white snow gray.
If a photo is too light or dark you can either delve through the dozens of scene modes that are available in modern point-and-shoot cameras, or simply dial in a bit of exposure compensation. Many cameras have a physical button for this, identified by a +/- symbol. If your photo is too dark, move the scale up above zero; if too light, move it down a bit.
3. Choose the Right Mode. Your camera is likely to have scores of shooting modes, ranging from fully automatic operation to very specific scene modes. If you're shooting fast action you can put the camera into Shutter Priority ("S") mode and increase the speed at which a photo is taken—setting it to 1/125 second or faster will help to freeze action. In lower light you can use Aperture Priority ("A") mode to make sure as much light is entering the lens as possible, or if you're shooting landscapes on a tripod you can close the lens's iris to increase depth of field, keeping everything in sharp focus from the foreground to the horizon. If you're a D-SLR shooter, you're more likely to use the A or S modes, while point-and-shoot cameras will often feature more specific modes that cater to activities like sports, low-light use, or landscape shooting.
4. Watch Your White Balance. Your camera will try and set white balance automatically based on the type of light in which's you're shooting. Different light casts different types of color—sunlight is very blue, tungsten lighting is yellow, and fluorescent is a bit green. In many cases, the camera will automatically detect what type of lighting you're under and adjust the color in photos so that they look natural. If you're shooting under mixed lighting, or if the camera is just having a hard time figuring things out, you can set the white balance manually. On most point and shoots you'll have to dive into the shooting menu to adjust this, but many D-SLRs have a dedicated White Balance button, often labeled "WB." You can correct color in iPhoto or Picasa later on, but you'll get better-looking photos if you get the white balance right in the first place.
5. Think About Lighting. Pay attention to how much light you have and where it's coming from when taking your photos. If you're shooting outdoors, be careful not to take photos of a person when the sun is at their back. If you're grabbing a photo in front of a monument or landmark and don't have the flexibility to adjust your position you can use the camera's flash to fill in shadows. You may have to manually activate the flash, as there's a good chance that the camera will think that it's unnecessary on a bright day.
6. Use Your Flash Wisely. Many a photo has been foiled by a flash firing too close to a subject. If your friends and family look like Casper the Friendly Ghost when you photograph them, chances are that you're too close when snapping your photos. If you need to activate the flash, back up a bit and zoom in to get the proper framing. If things are still to bright—or too dark—check and see if flash compensation is an option. Many cameras allow you to adjust the power of the flash, which can help to add better balance to your flash-assisted photos. Adding just a little bit of light makes it possible to fill in shadows, resulting in a more natural-looking photo.
7. Add a Flash Diffuser. If dialing down flash power isn't an option, you can also add a diffuser to help spread the light out. Smaller flashes aren't able spread light across a large surface area, giving your subjects a deer-in-the-headlights look. Point-and-shoot users can tape a bit of wax paper over the flash to soften its output. D-SLR users are best served by using an empty 35mm film canister—the milky variety used by Kodak—with a bit cut out so that it fits snugly over the flash. Photojojo has a tutorial that will walk you through the steps. If you don't have any film canisters lying around, try asking at your local drug store or department store minilab—they're bound to have dozens sitting in a drawer, and will gladly part with one. If making your own diffuser doesn't sound like your cup of tea, consider theGary Fong Puffer, a $22 accessory that will look a bit more professional when mounted on your camera.
8. Use a Tripod or Monopod. Sometimes, the best way to get your shot perfect is to take some extra time. Using a tripod will allow you to set up framing, and can come in handy—along with your camera's self-timer—for getting that shot of you and the kids in front of Mount Rushmore. You can get away with an inexpensive tripod if you're a point-and-shoot user, although spending a bit more on a brand like Manfrotto or Gitzo will result in much less frustration than with the bargain brands that you'll find at the local five and dime. D-SLR users should definitely put care into selecting a tripod, as a set of legs and a head that are sturdy enough to hold the camera are paramount.
If you're more of a run-and-gun shooter, a monopod—which is just like it sounds, a tripod with two of its legs missing—will help you stabilize your shots. Great for use at zoos and sporting events, a monopod is supplemented by your two legs in order to add stability to your camera—without the sometimes-cumbersome setup and breakdown required with a good tripod.
9. Be Selective. It's easy to take hundreds of photos in a few hours when shooting digitally. But don't just dump your memory card and upload all of the images to Facebook. You should spend some time going through your photos so you can eliminate redundant shots and discard photos that may be out of focus or poorly composed. It's better to post a few dozen great photos by themselves rather than the same good photos hiding among hundreds of not-so-good ones.
10. Don't Forget to Post-Process. Consider using a program like Picasa or iPhoto to organize your photos. Either will allow you to crop, color-correct, adjust exposure, remove red-eye, and perform other basic editing tasks. Performing some very basic editing on a photo can help improve its quality drastically. Cropping a bit can help with composition, and you can also rotate a photo so that horizon lines are straight. Getting your photos right in-camera is the larger goal, but there's no harm in a bit of retouching.
I would point right up front however that rules, especially in photography, are meant to be broken and ignoring this particular one does not mean your photos are necessarily unbalanced or not appealing. However a photography master once told me that if you intend to break a rule you should always learn it first, so that your rule breaking is making it more effective!
Applying the rule of thirds
The basic principle of the rule of thirds is to imagine dividing an image into thirds (both horizontally and vertically) so that you have 9 parts. The picture below shows how an image is divided into 9 parts:
As you’re taking an image you could do this in your mind while looking through your viewfinder or in the LCD display that you could use to frame your shot.
With this grid in mind the ‘rule of thirds’ now identifies four important parts of the image that you should consider placing points of interest in as you frame your image.
Not only this – but it also gives you four ‘lines’ that are also useful positions for elements in your photo.
The theory is that if you place points of interest in the intersections or along the lines that your photo becomes more balanced and will enable a viewer of the image to interact with it more naturally. Studies have shown that when viewing images that people’s eyes usually go to one of the intersection points most naturally rather than the center of the shot – using the rule of thirds works with this natural way of viewing an image rather than working against it.
In addition to the above picture of the bee where the bee’s eye becomes the point of focus here are some of examples:
Using the Rule of Thirds comes naturally to some photographers. Yet for many of us requires a little time and practice for it before becoming second nature.
In learning how to use the rule of thirds (and then to break it) the most important questions to be asking of yourself are:
Once again, remember that breaking the rule can result in some striking shots. So once you have mastered it, experiment with purposely breaking it to see what you could discover.
Lastly, keep the rule of thirds in mind as you edit your photos later on. Post production editing tools today have good tools for cropping and reframing images so that they fit within the rules. Experiment with some of your old shots to see what impact it might have on your photos.
1. Broad source of light produce softer light, while narrow light source produce harder light. A broad light source softens the shadow. It is because the wide area of light comes to the object, allowing even amount of light falls to the object. Broad source of light also lessens contrast.
Tip: Position a portrait subject near a large, bright window that does not receive direct sunlight. It makes for a no-cost softbox, no studio equipment necessary.
2. If the light source is closer, the light becomes lighter, and vice versa. This is for a reason: Get closer to a light source, and hence you make it bigger, that is, broader, in relation to your subject. On the other hand moving away from the light source makes the light source smaller, and hence, narrower.
Think about the sun, which is something like 109 times the diameter of the earth, pretty broad! But, at 93 million miles away, it takes up a very small portion of the sky and hence casts very hard light when falling directly on a subject.
Tip: Move lamps closer to the object when photographing indoor for softer light, and move lamps farther for a sharper light.
3. Diffusion scatters light, essentially making the light source broader and therefore softer. When clouds drift in front of the sun, shadows get less distinct. Add fog, and the shadows disappear. Clouds, overcast skies, and fog act as diffusion—something that scatters the light in many directions. On overcast or foggy days, the entire sky, in effect, becomes a single very broad light source—nature’s softbox.
Tip: Materials such as translucent plastic or white fabric can be used to diffuse a harsh light source. You can place a diffuser in front of an artiflcial light, such as a strobe. Or, if you're in bright sun, use a light tent or white scrim to soften the light falling on your subject.
4. Bouncing light acts as diffusion.Aim a narrow light source at a broad, matte surface—such as a wall, ceiling, or matte refiector—and it not only refiects the light but also diffuses it by scattering it over a wider area.
Use a shiny refiector, though, and the light will stay fairly narrow on the bounce. The most extreme type of shiny refiector—a mirror—will keep the light focused pretty much as narrowly in the refiection.
Tip: Crumple a big piece of aluminum foil, spread in out again, and wrap it around a piece of cardboard, shiny side out. It makes a good reflector that’s not quite as soft in effect as a matte white surface—great for adding sparkly highlights.
5. The farther the source of the light, the more it falls off— it becomes dimmer on the subject. The rule says that light falls off as the square of the distance. That sounds complex, but isn’t really. If you move a light twice as far from your subject, you end up with only one-quarter of the light on the subject.
In other words, light gets dim fast when you move it away— something to keep in mind if you’re moving your lights or your subject to change the quality of the light.
Also remember that bouncing light—even into a shiny reflector that keeps light directional— adds to the distance it travels.
Tip: Set your camera’s flash (pop-up or hot-shoe) to fill flash for outdoor portraits on harshly lit days. This will lighten shadows on your subject’s face but won’t affect the background exposure—it will fall off by then.
6. Light falloff can be used to vary the relationship between the light on your subject and your background. If you place a light close to your subject, the falloff from the subject to the background will be more pronounced. Move the light farther from your subject, and the background will be relatively brighter.
The same holds true for sidelighting: With a light close to the side of your subject, the falloff of light across the frame will be more pronounced than if the light is farther away.
Tip: If your subject is frontlit by windowlight, keep the person close to the window to make the room’s back wall fall off in darkness. If you want some illumination on the wall, though, move the person back closer to it and away from the window.
7. Frontlighting de-emphasizes texture; lighting from the side, above, or below emphasizes it. A portraitist may want to keep the light source close to the axis of the lens to suppress skin wrinkles, while a landscapist may want sidelighting to emphasize the texture of rocks, sand, and foliage. Generally, the greater the angle at which the light is positioned to the subject, the more texture is revealed.
Tip: To retain detail in your fluffy pet’s fur, position the light source somewhat to the side rather than straight on.
8. Shadows create volume. That’s how photographers describe threedimensionality, the sense of seeing an image as an object in space, not projected on a flat surface.
Again, lighting from the side, above, or below, by casting deeper and longer shadows, creates the sense of volume. Still-life, product, and landscape photographers use angular lighting for this reason.
Tip: Try “Hollywood lighting” for a dramatic portrait. Position a light high above and slightly to the side of your subject, angled down, but not so much that the shadow of the nose falls more than midway down the upper lip.
9. Backlight can be used as highly diffused lighting. Very few subjects are totally backlit, that is, in pure silhouette, with no light at all falling from the front. A person with his back to a bright window will have light reflected from an opposite wall falling on him. Someone standing outside with her back to bright sunlight will have light falling on her from the open sky in front of her. In either case, you’ll need to increase exposure to record the light falling on the subject—and this light will deemphasize facial texture and dimensionality.
Tip: For spark in a backlit portrait or silhouette, try compositions that include the light source. This can drive your meter crazy, though, so bracket your exposures.
10. Light has color, even when it looks “white.” This is called color temperature, and our eye/brain computer is very adept at adjusting our perception so that we hardly notice it. Digital sensors and film, though, may record color casts where our eyes didn’t see them.
The color of early morning and late afternoon sunlight is warm in tone, while open shade at midday can be quite bluish. Tungsten light bulbs cast very yellow light. And any surface that light bounces off can add its color.
With digital cameras, you can use the white-balance control to neutralize color casts or to emphasize them—for example, to add a warmer tone to a landscape or portrait. With slide film, you had to choose the right film for the light you’d be shooting in, or compensate with filters.
Tip: Landscapes shot on clear days can be very blue, especially in the shadows. Set your camera’s color balance to Cloudy, which acts as a warming filter for a more golden glow.